Aquarium Plant – carpet plants

Here we look at five popular aquascaping aquarium plants for your aquarium aquascape.

Carpet plants are species of aquatic plants that grow outward covering your aquascape, as the name hints at, like a luscious green shagpile carpet!

1. Hairgrass

The clue is on the name for this one. It has a grassy look like the pygmy chain sword but much much thinner and delicate. The tiny strands are majorly affected by current which will give your aquatic aquascape some nice movement. Hairgrass is so small it can really help to give even small aquascapes a grand sense of scale, mix it with equally dainty fish stock like neon tetras and you’ve got the start of an epic looking tank.

2. Java Moss – One of the easiest aquarium plants to care for

A hardy plant that grows well in most conditions. Get your thread out and tie it to some driftwood and let it soften those harsh shapes with a pleasant mossy effect giving it the look of a tree that has been downed in a forest for years. A versatile plant that used by professionals can yield incredible results.

3. Pygmy Chain Sword (Echinodorus tenellus) a grass like aquarium plant

An aquarium plant well known for looking like grass. A fantastic base plant if you are trying to create an aquascape that replicates dry land conditions, although on the negative side it isn’t very exotic as it reminds us all of something very common. ie. your lawn. It prefers moderate lighting and water temperatures between 68 – 84 degrees fahrenheit and a neutral pH. A nutrient rich substrate will promote growth.

4. Dwarf Baby Tears (Hemianthus Callitrichoides) a tiny aquarium plant to create a grand sense of scale

One of the tiniest carpet plants around, which gives you great opportunites with your composition.

You don’t have to worry about it taking over the tank as they don’t get big. They have something of a similarity to trees so if you combine them with hairgrass for example it’s another great effect to create a sense of ginormous scale. Like you’re looking at a giant forest in your aquarium. Add in some suitable rocks and create mountains, canyons and valleys. Provided lighting and nutrient needs are met the plant is generally not too fussy about care. It propogates with runners that branch off from the root area. Also it provides an ideal location for spawning fish to hide their eggs and for bottom dwelling fish like catfish to forage for food. Usual purchase size is 1″ to 2″.

5. Marsilea Minuta – the four leaf clover aquarium plant

Add a touch of charm to your aquascape with the Marsilea Minuta. Apart from resembling a four leaf clover this plant gives off an incredibly vibrant shade of green, especially under a strong light. It’s a great choice to add some sparkle to an aquarium with an intense colour and interesting leaf shape. A member of the fern family and often called the dwarf water clover. It grows and spreads by sprouting runners. It’s a good choice as it’s easy to plant and maintain. It prefers a PH level of between 6.0 to 7.5 and a water temperature between 68 and 84 degrees Fahrenheit.

Carpet plants are the base of your aquascape and have a major effect on the aesthetic of your aquarium.